It's hard to imagine what goes on in the mind of a rapist and why they would commit such a heinous act of violence.
Studies across South Africa suggest that between 75-82% rape crimes are committed by persons known to the victim.
But investigative psychologist Professor Gerhard Labuschange says that perpetrators rape for different reasons and under varied circumstances.
Labuschange explains that acts such as marital rape, stranger rape or incestuous rape would all have to be treated individually.
It's the same crime, but the motivating reason behind each of those individual's is probably quite different. How you would approach them, for rehabilitation, would be different.— Prof Gerhard Labuschange former Commander, Saps Investigative Psychology unit
He says the 2007 Sexual Offences Act defines rape as sexual penetration without consent, regardless of the relationship between the two individuals.
According to Labuschange, patriarchal norms often perpetuate the idea that men are entitled to sex and women's bodies.
He says young boys are often socialised into rape culture and the role of dominance.
Labuschange advises that this culture and attitude needs to be challenged from childhood.
Listen to the full conversation from CapeTalk's Breakfast with Kieno Kammies:
Listen to the archive of conversations which put the spot light on rape this week: