Everything you need to know about Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is one of the leading causes of disability in young adults.

Expert neurologist Dr Dion Opperman explains that MS is an autoimmune disorder, which means the body attacks itself.

The most high-risk groups are typically white people, women and those between ages 18 and 40.

It is a demyelinating disease, attacking the myelin ( a sheath that covers covers of the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord).

The damage disrupts the ability of parts of the nervous system to communicate.

While there is no cure for MS, different kinds of MS can be treated.

You get different types of MS, if you have relapsing-remitting, there are multiple options for treatment and we can alter the course of the disease.

Dr Dion Opperman, neurologist

The four types of MS are:

  • Relapsing-Remitting MS
  • Secondary-Progressive MS
  • Primary-Progressive MS
  • Progressive-Relapsing MS

MS can have the various symptoms, including:

  • double vision
  • blindness in one eye
  • muscle weakness
  • loss of sensation
  • paralysis
  • trouble with co-ordination
  • slurred speech
  • bladder incontinence

Aside from physical symptoms, MS can also have mental and psychiatric effects.

It can attack any part of the brain. It can change your personality, affect your memory, emotions - anything that affects your brain.

Dr Dion Opperman, neurologist

There are no concrete statistics on MS patients in South Africa and researchers are still trying to determine what causes the condition, Opperman explains.

He advises that genetic and environmental factors may play a role in predisposition.

Take a listen to Dr. Opperman unpack MS and answer questions from callers:


Read More
Diabetic foot care can prevent ulcers and amputations - podiatrist

Diabetic foot care can prevent ulcers and amputations - podiatrist

Diabetic foot ulcers can have serious health implications. If patients want to avoid amputations, they need to take medical steps.

Understanding diabetes and the importance of diet

Understanding diabetes and the importance of diet

The majority diabetics are people with Type 2 diabetics, which is primarily a lifestyle-driven condition.

6 things you didn't know about menopause

6 things you didn't know about menopause

Menopause is the period in a woman's life cycle when menstruation ends, and Dr Roos advises how to manage menopause healthily.

6 signs your anxiety levels need attention

6 signs your anxiety levels need attention

A clinical psychologist helps differentiate between your everyday worry and serious anxiety which requires professional help.

Health Dept 'ignored' psych patient transfer warnings  - mental health groups

Health Dept 'ignored' psych patient transfer warnings - mental health groups

Health Department says investigators are waiting for medical files to establish the facts around the deaths of 36 psych patients.

Docci delves into trauma experienced by SA doctors

Docci delves into trauma experienced by SA doctors

'Documentally: last doctor standing' reveals the challenges that doctors are faced with in SA's hospitals.

How to check your mental health is intact

How to check your mental health is intact

Dr Schomer takes us through this difficult complex journey with tips and signs to determine your metal well being.

UCT to host Wheelchair Rugby tournament to put spotlight on paralympic sport

UCT to host Wheelchair Rugby tournament to put spotlight on paralympic sport

Quadriplegic athletes will show off their skills & talent during a tournament & showcase at UCT's Wheelchair Rugby Awareness Day.

Popular articles
'This puts pressure on Jacob Zuma to vacate office earlier'

'This puts pressure on Jacob Zuma to vacate office earlier'

The Money Show’s Bruce Whitfield interviews Daniel Silke, Political Economy Analyst at Political Futures Consultancy.

Judge Mlambo: Zuma's application amounts to abuse of judicial process

Judge Mlambo: Zuma's application amounts to abuse of judicial process

EWN Barry Bateman explains the High Court proceeding on President Zuma's application to set aside parts of Madonsela's report.

It's chicken for Joburgers and Durbanites, but what do Capetonians feast on?

It's chicken for Joburgers and Durbanites, but what do Capetonians feast on?

Stephen Grootes spoke to founder and CEO of OrderIn to find out more about South African's eating habits.

Predictably awesome new Nando's ad reminds South Africans ‘we can fix our sh$t’

Predictably awesome new Nando's ad reminds South Africans ‘we can fix our sh$t’

Watch the Guptas pack their bags and run in Nando's inspiring new advertisement.

PSG Chair Jannie Mouton opens up (kind of) about Steinhoff

PSG Chair Jannie Mouton opens up (kind of) about Steinhoff

In 2012 Steinhoff acquired 20% of wealth manager PSG, reportedly infuriating Mouton. Bruce Whitfield interviews him.

[LISTEN] Caller challenges Eusebius on land disposition

[LISTEN] Caller challenges Eusebius on land disposition

‘I need you to provide me with an answer' - John from Edenvale, Gauteng