Everything you need to know about Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is one of the leading causes of disability in young adults.

Expert neurologist Dr Dion Opperman explains that MS is an autoimmune disorder, which means the body attacks itself.

The most high-risk groups are typically white people, women and those between ages 18 and 40.

It is a demyelinating disease, attacking the myelin ( a sheath that covers covers of the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord).

The damage disrupts the ability of parts of the nervous system to communicate.

While there is no cure for MS, different kinds of MS can be treated.

You get different types of MS, if you have relapsing-remitting, there are multiple options for treatment and we can alter the course of the disease.

Dr Dion Opperman, neurologist

The four types of MS are:

  • Relapsing-Remitting MS
  • Secondary-Progressive MS
  • Primary-Progressive MS
  • Progressive-Relapsing MS

MS can have the various symptoms, including:

  • double vision
  • blindness in one eye
  • muscle weakness
  • loss of sensation
  • paralysis
  • trouble with co-ordination
  • slurred speech
  • bladder incontinence

Aside from physical symptoms, MS can also have mental and psychiatric effects.

It can attack any part of the brain. It can change your personality, affect your memory, emotions - anything that affects your brain.

Dr Dion Opperman, neurologist

There are no concrete statistics on MS patients in South Africa and researchers are still trying to determine what causes the condition, Opperman explains.

He advises that genetic and environmental factors may play a role in predisposition.

Take a listen to Dr. Opperman unpack MS and answer questions from callers:


Recommended

by NEWSROOM AI
Read More
Diabetic foot care can prevent ulcers and amputations - podiatrist

Diabetic foot care can prevent ulcers and amputations - podiatrist

Diabetic foot ulcers can have serious health implications. If patients want to avoid amputations, they need to take medical steps.

Understanding diabetes and the importance of diet

Understanding diabetes and the importance of diet

The majority diabetics are people with Type 2 diabetics, which is primarily a lifestyle-driven condition.

6 things you didn't know about menopause

6 things you didn't know about menopause

Menopause is the period in a woman's life cycle when menstruation ends, and Dr Roos advises how to manage menopause healthily.

6 signs your anxiety levels need attention

6 signs your anxiety levels need attention

A clinical psychologist helps differentiate between your everyday worry and serious anxiety which requires professional help.

Health Dept 'ignored' psych patient transfer warnings  - mental health groups

Health Dept 'ignored' psych patient transfer warnings - mental health groups

Health Department says investigators are waiting for medical files to establish the facts around the deaths of 36 psych patients.

Docci delves into trauma experienced by SA doctors

Docci delves into trauma experienced by SA doctors

'Documentally: last doctor standing' reveals the challenges that doctors are faced with in SA's hospitals.

How to check your mental health is intact

How to check your mental health is intact

Dr Schomer takes us through this difficult complex journey with tips and signs to determine your metal well being.

UCT to host Wheelchair Rugby tournament to put spotlight on paralympic sport

UCT to host Wheelchair Rugby tournament to put spotlight on paralympic sport

Quadriplegic athletes will show off their skills & talent during a tournament & showcase at UCT's Wheelchair Rugby Awareness Day.

Popular articles
'My hubby is 75 and we still do it' - stories about sex on the other side of 50

'My hubby is 75 and we still do it' - stories about sex on the other side of 50

Is biology putting the brakes on your sexuality? Callers share their experiences of sex and growing older.

'Some weed plants with high levels of chemicals have been linked to psychosis'

'Some weed plants with high levels of chemicals have been linked to psychosis'

Naked Scientist, Chris Smith shares his insights on some of the risks associated with smoking marijuana.

[Watch] Dad breaks down when reunited with car sold to pay wife’s bills

[Watch] Dad breaks down when reunited with car sold to pay wife’s bills

Khabazela shares some of the most popular tweets, posts, and videos on 'What's gone viral'.

Charity loses R39k event deposit after previous Ritz Hotel management goes awol

Charity loses R39k event deposit after previous Ritz Hotel management goes awol

The Ritz Hotel is under new management and the money paid to previous management has still not been refunded.

DStv Premium on a downward spiral, warns tech guru

DStv Premium on a downward spiral, warns tech guru

DStv has lost about 140 000 Premium subscribers to Netflix over the past two years, tech expert Arthur Goldstuck.

17-year-old learner killed teacher for not allowing him to jump the food queue

17-year-old learner killed teacher for not allowing him to jump the food queue

Spokesperson for Education department says the fact that this learner is still in Grade 10 at 17 may indicate there is a problem.

Dr Eve busts myths about the female orgasm that could change your sex life

Dr Eve busts myths about the female orgasm that could change your sex life

As many as 1 in 3 women have trouble reaching orgasm when having sexual play, clinical sexologist Dr Eve explains.