Constitutional law expert Pierre de Vos says removing the provinces system will most likely create more distance between the South African state and its citizens.
I think, on paper, getting rid of provinces will probably take the government further away from people.— Pierre de Vos, Constitutional law expert
He says the removal of provinces may, however, save government money and demolish the remaining legacies of "ethnic boundaries" in the country.
This comes after the ANC in KwaZulu Natal (KZN) revived calls for the scrapping of provinces system.
KZN ANC says it believes the system is a waste of government resources and will debate the matter at the ruling party’s June national policy conference in Gauteng.
The Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu) has also come out saying it will back the idea at the conference.
De Vos explains that many believe that people feel closer the the province structures than national government.
The arguments in favour of the provinces are usually to do with democracy.— Pierre de Vos, Constitutional law expert
Supporters claim that provincial legislatures have shared power and can deliver better public services such healthcare and housing, de Vos advises.
Meanwhile, critics of the provinces system believe it is costing government more money.
Take a listen to Pierre de Vos weigh up the pros and cons and listeners call in: