Ill-trained teachers are a major factor in the literacy levels of South African children, says researcher Nic Spaull.
This comes after a global study on reading literacy scored South Africa the lowest out of 50 countries worldwide.
The report measured literacy levels between 2011 and 2016 and has found 78% of the South African pupils who took part are illiterate.
Spaull says South African teachers are not adequately trained on how to teach reading, comprehension, vocabulary and decoding.
It's very difficult to say that these results are anything other than dire.— Nic Spaull, Senior Researcher at Stellenbosch University's Research on Socio-Economic Policy Group
Teachers don't know how to teach reading.— Nic Spaull, Senior Researcher at Stellenbosch University's Research on Socio-Economic Policy Group
Listen to him analyse the situation: