Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that involves birth defects, intellectual disabilities, characteristic facial features. In reproduction, the egg cell of the mother and the sperm cell of the father start out with the usual number of 46 chromosomes.
The egg and sperm cells both undergo a cell division in which the 46 chromosomes are divided in half, so that both the egg and the sperm cells will have 23 chromosomes each.
With Down syndrome, the extra chromosome causes delays in the way a child develops, mentally and physically.
Down Syndrome is something that affects the entire family. Having a child with Down Syndrome is not a bad thing to happen. Parents want their kids to be accepted in society, they want people to acknowledge them for what they can do, not for what they can't do.— Tineke Ganz-Malan - Manager at the Western Cape Down Syndrome association
Though Down syndrome can't be prevented, it can be detected before a child is born. The health problems that may go along with DS can be treated, and many resources are available to help kids and their families who are living with the condition.
Down Syndrome causes intellectual delay, which means they take longer to learn things, but it does not mean they cannot learn thing. Parents need to work harder to teach them.— Tineke Ganz-Malan - Manager at the Western Cape Down Syndrome association
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