Changes in the prevalence of growth stunting in South African children

Stunting is a type of poor physical growth and a chronic form of malnutrition.

The causes of stunting are mainly associated with households’ low socio-economic status and food insecurity, repeated illnesses in infants and maternal health before, during and after pregnancy.

Being stunted has also been associated with delayed cognitive development, impaired physical growth, lower productivity, and a greater risk of poor health.

Redi Tlhabi spoke with Dr Rihlat Said Mohammed, Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of the Witwatersrand.

According to Mohammed, stunting in children needs to be identified as early as possible to reduce the effects on growth and development.

It should be identified sooner than the first three years of age. It should be identified as early as pregnancy. 19% of South African children between zero and six years of age and 1 in 4 children between the ages of zero and three are affected by stunting.

Dr Rihlat Said Mohammed, child development expert

Scientists at the University of Cape Town and Wits University have recently published a study in the BMC Public Health journal where they investigated the changes in the prevalence of stunting in South Africa over 40 years from 1970 to 2013.

The findings revealed that stunting is higher in children under three years of age which is a critical period for child development and growth.

The results also showed that the prevalence of stunting in South Africa has been between 20-30% for the past 20 years despite the move in 1996 to implement the Integrated Nutrition Programme to combat the prevalence of early life malnutrition.

Listen to the full conversation from The Redi Tlhabi Show:


This article first appeared on 702 : Changes in the prevalence of growth stunting in South African children


Recommended

by NEWSROOM AI
Read More
Mom makes call for equal maternity, paternity leave rights for adoptive parents

Mom makes call for equal maternity, paternity leave rights for adoptive parents

We unpack the online campaign by this adoptive mother calling for equal maternity and paternity leave rights for adoptive parents.

Proposed changes to baby food labelling laws to encourage breast feeding

Proposed changes to baby food labelling laws to encourage breast feeding

The Health Department has proposed strict new labelling rules for baby food and formula in a bid to encourage breastfeeding.

A mother campaigns for her rights to breatsfeed in public

A mother campaigns for her rights to breatsfeed in public

A petition soliciting protection for mothers breastfeeding in public will be sent to Minister of Health and Minister of Justice.

Four facts about getting a C-section for women

Four facts about getting a C-section for women

Gynecologist Dr. Peter de Jong answers the questions that some women are asking before considering Caesarean birth.

Are private hospitals pushing too hard for Caesarean births?

Are private hospitals pushing too hard for Caesarean births?

The majority of births covered by a medical scheme are done by C-section, Kieno explores why and if women really do get to choose.

Popular articles
Why many couples today are struggling with marriage

Why many couples today are struggling with marriage

Dr Eve advises that many modern couples need marriage to be a safe space for self-expression and self-actualisation.

'The NPA should be ready and re-enroll the matter' - Nel on Malema prosecution

'The NPA should be ready and re-enroll the matter' - Nel on Malema prosecution

AfriForum not backing down over decision to privately prosecute Julius Malema.

'They shot out the tyres and they shot the victim'

'They shot out the tyres and they shot the victim'

EWN's Mandy Weiner describes an eyewitness account of one of the two shootings on Johannesburg's highways on Wednesday.

Cape Town not out the woods yet even with recent rainfall

Cape Town not out the woods yet even with recent rainfall

Climate expert, Piotr Wolski, says the city will know towards the end of May whether 2018 is a good or bad year.

Where is Zuma going to get this 'tsunami' of legal fees?  - Karyn Maughan

Where is Zuma going to get this 'tsunami' of legal fees? - Karyn Maughan

The Presidency has now officially withdrawn its application for leave to appeal the personal costs order against Jacob Zuma.

Water to be released from Berg River to Misverstand Dam to avoid Day Zero

Water to be released from Berg River to Misverstand Dam to avoid Day Zero

Government has put plans in place to prevent the Misverstand Dam from running dry in a week's time.

Highly-criticised world athletics body's rule could end Caster Semenya's career

Highly-criticised world athletics body's rule could end Caster Semenya's career

She faces ongoing complaints from rivals about having an "unfair advantage" on the track, but how fair is this proposed IAAF rule?